Fred Lee received his Ph.D. in political science from the University of California, Los Angeles. He works across the fields of continental political philosophy, comparative ethnic studies, and U.S. political development. His current book project, The Racial Constitution of the Public, expansively conceptualizes “the U.S. constitution” as an ongoing project of racial formation. It examines four constitutional moments that initiated new historical trajectories for indigenous, Asian, and black Americans: 1830s-1840s Southeastern Amerindian removals, the Japanese internment, the civil rights movement, and 1960s-1970s racial empowerment movements. In other writings, Lee has engaged questions of historical memory, media representation, and gender/sexuality politics.